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The tables that follow outline the scoring system that is used to decide whether a young person qualifies for PIP, and at what rate. In making sense of the tests set out in the tables it is important to understand how certain words are interpreted by the DWP.

Daily Living Component

Activity 1. Preparing foodPoints
can prepare and cook a simple meal unaided0
needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to either prepare or cook a simple meal2
cannot cook a simple meal using a conventional cooker but is able to do so using a microwave2
needs prompting to be able to either prepare or cook a simple meal2
needs supervision or assistance to either prepare or cook a simple meal4
cannot prepare and cook food8

prepare: in the context of food means make food ready for cooking or eating

cook: heat food at or above waist height

simple meal: a cooked, one-course meal for one using fresh ingredients

This activity aims to assess a claimant’s physical or mental capacity to cook a simple main meal, and not whether or not they actually cook for themselves. Factors such as special dietary requirements or cultural/religious differences are not taken into account.

Activity 2. Taking nutritionPoints
can take nutrition unaided0
needs (i) to use an aid or appliance to be able to take nutrition or (ii) supervision to be able to take nutrition or (iii) assistance to be able to cut up food2
needs a therapeutic source to be able to take nutrition2
needs prompting to be able to take nutrition4
needs assistance to be able to manage a therapeutic source to take nutrition6
cannot convey food and drink to their mouth and needs another person to do so10

take nutrition: cut food into pieces, convey food and drink to one’s mouth and chew and swallow food and drink, or take nutrition by using a therapeutic source

therapeutic source: parenteral or enteral tube feeding, using a rate-limiting device such as a delivery system or feed pump

Activity 3. Managing therapy or monitoring a health conditionPoints
either (i) does not receive medication or therapy, or need to monitor a health condition, or (ii) can manage medication or therapy, or monitor a health condition unaided0

(i) therapy: therapy to be undertaken at home, prescribed or recommended by (a) registered (i) doctor; (ii) nurse; or (iii) pharmacist; or (b) health professional regulated by the Health Professions Council; but does not include taking or applying, or otherwise receiving or administering, medication (whether orally, topically or by any other means), or any action which, in the claimant’s case, falls within the definition of ‘monitor a health condition’

(ii) manage medication or therapy: take medication or undertake therapy where a failure to do so is likely to result in deterioration in health

Activity 3. Managing therapy or monitoring a health condition (continued)Points
needs either (i) to use an aid or appliance to be able to manage medication or (ii) supervision, prompting or assistance to manage medication or monitor a health condition1

(i) medication: medication to be taken at home which is prescribed or recommended by a registered doctor, nurse or pharmacist

(ii) monitor health: detect significant changes in a health condition which are likely to lead to a deterioration in health and take action advised by a registered doctor, registered nurse or health professional who is registered by the Health and Care Professions Council, without which health is likely to deteriorate

Activity 3. Managing therapy or monitoring a health condition (continued)Points
needs supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage therapy that takes no more than 3.5 hours a week2
needs supervision, prompting or assistance to manage therapy that takes more than 3.5 but no more than 7 hours a week4
needs supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage therapy that takes more than 7 but no more than 14 hours a week6
needs supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage therapy that takes more than 14 hours a week8

Note: any action which falls under the definition of monitoring a health condition cannot be treated as therapy – no matter how much time is spent in monitoring the disabled person’s condition

Note: It is the time taken to supervise, prompt or assist someone to manage therapy that is measured, not how long the therapy itself takes

Activity 4. Washing and bathingPoints
can wash and bathe unaided0
needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to wash or bathe2
needs supervision or prompting to be able to wash or bathe2
needs assistance to be able to wash either their hair or body below the waist2
needs assistance to be able to get in or out of a bath or shower3
needs assistance to be able to wash their body between the shoulders and waist4
cannot wash and bathe at all and needs another person to wash their entire body8

bathe: includes getting into or out of an unadapted bath or shower. If you have an adapted bath you will need to explain what problems you would have in using an unadapted one

washing: means cleaning one’s whole body, including removing dirt and sweat

Activity 5. Managing toilet needs or incontinencePoints
can manage toilet needs or incontinence unaided0
needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to manage toilet needs or incontinence2
needs supervision or prompting to be able to manage toilet needs2
needs assistance to be able to manage toilet needs4
needs assistance to be able to manage incontinence of either bladder or bowel6
needs assistance to be able to manage incontinence of both bladder and bowel8

toilet needs: getting on and off an unadapted toilet, evacuating bladder and bowel, and cleaning oneself

Note: help in dressing or undressing is not taken into account

manage incontinence: manage involuntary evacuation of the bowel or bladder, including use of a collecting device or self catheterisation, and clean oneself afterwards

Note: incontinence pads fall within the definition of an aid or appliance

Activity 6. Dressing and undressingPoints
can dress and undress unaided0
needs to use an aid or appliance to dress or undress2
needs either (i) prompting to be able to dress, undress or determine appropriate circumstances for remaining clothed or (ii) prompting or assistance to be able to select appropriate clothing2
needs assistance to be able to dress or undress their lower body2
needs assistance to be able to dress or undress their upper body4
cannot dress or undress at all8

this descriptor assesses the ability to put on and take off un-adapted clothing. Can include the need for fastenings, zips and buttons, and includes putting on and taking off socks and shoes.

Activity 7. Communicating verballyPoints
can express and understand verbal information unaided0
needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to speak or hear2
needs communication support to be able to express or understand complex verbal information4
needs communication support to be able to express or understand basic verbal information8
cannot express or understand verbal information at all even with communication support12

communication support: support from a person trained or experienced in communicating with people with specific communication needs, including interpreting verbal information into a non-verbal form and vice versa. It is not limited to interpreters and can include friends or family

complex verbal information: information in native language conveyed verbally in either more than one sentence or one complicated sentence

basic verbal information: information in native language conveyed verbally in a simple sentence

Activity 8. Reading and understanding signs, symbols and wordsPoints
can read and understand basic and complex written information either unaided or using spectacles or contact lenses0
needs to use an aid or appliance, other than spectacles or contact lenses, to be able to read or understand either basic or complex written information2
needs prompting to be able to read or understand complex written information2
needs prompting to be able to read or understand basic written information4
cannot read or understand sign, symbols or words at all8

read: includes reading signs, symbols and words but does not include reading Braille

complex written information: more than one sentence of written or printed standard size text in native language

basic written information: signs, symbols and dates written or printed in standard size text in native language

note: illiteracy which does not result from a physical or mental condition cannot be taken into account

Activity 9. Engaging with other people face-to-facePoints
can engage with other people unaided0
needs prompting to be able to engage with other people2
needs social support to be able to engage with other people4
cannot engage with other people due to such engagement causing either (i) overwhelming psychological distress to the claimant or (ii) the claimant to exhibit behaviour which would result in a substantial risk of harm to the claimant or another person8

engage socially: interact with others in a contextually and socially appropriate manner, understand body language and establish relationships

social support: support from a person trained or experienced in assisting people to engage in social situations. Can be provided by friends or family

psychological distress: distress related to an enduring mental health condition or an intellectual or cognitive impairment

Note: This activity assesses the ability to mix with people in small groups or in one-to-one situations rather than with others in a crowd

Activity 10. Making budgeting decisionsPoints
can manage complex budgeting decisions unaided0
needs prompting or assistance to be able to make complex budgeting decisions2
needs prompting or assistance to be able to make simple budgeting decisions4
cannot make any budgeting decisions at all6

simple budgeting decision: decisions involving calculating the costs of goods, and calculating change required after a purchase

Complex budgeting decisions: decisions involving calculating household and personal budgets, managing and paying bills, and planning future purchases

Mobility Component

Activity 11. Planning and following journeysPoints
can plan and follow the route of a journey unaided0
needs prompting to be able to undertake any journey to avoid overwhelming psychological distress to the claimant4
cannot plan the route of a journey8
cannot follow the route of an unfamiliar journey without another person, assistance dog or orientation aid10
cannot undertake any journey because it would cause overwhelming psychological distress to the claimant10
cannot follow the route of a familiar journey without another person, an assistance dog or an orientation aid12

psychological distress: distress related to an enduring mental health condition or an intellectual or cognitive impairment

assistance dog: dog trained to guide or assist a person with a sensory impairment

orientation aid: specialist aid designed to assist disabled people to follow a route safely

*Note: Previous PIP rules made it difficult for those whose difficulties in planning and following a journey arose from psychological distress to score points. However, those previous rules were overturned by the High Court in December 2017. The government is currently in the process of reviewing 1.6 million existing PIP claims to see if claimants are on the correct rate of the mobility component. Contact our helpline for updates.

Activity 12. Moving aroundPoints
can stand and then move more than 200 metres either aided or unaided0
can stand and then move more than 50 metres but no more than 200 metres either aided or unaided4
can stand and then move unaided more than 20 meters but no more than 508
can stand and then move using an aid or appliance, more than 20 metres but no more than 50 metres10
can stand and then move more than 1 metre but no more than 20 metres either aided or unaided12
cannot either aided or unaided (i) stand or (ii) move more than 1 metre12

stand: stand upright with at least one biological foot on the ground

aided: with supervision, prompting, or assistance, or with the use of an aid or appliance

Note: in measuring how far someone can move around, any pain or breathlessness suffered will be a factor in deciding whether they can move around to an acceptable standard